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Canine Hernia

Updated: Jun 29, 2020

This week we saw Hugo who came to us for a castrate, whilst being examined we noticed a hernia and were able to carry out the hernia repair surgery at the time for castration. Canine hernias are relatively common. Similar to humans, a hernia is a condition where the contents of a dog’s abdomen pushes through a tear or hole in the muscle wall or fatty tissue. Over 90 percent of canine hernia cases are due to genetics. Hernias can also develop from trauma or injury. Dogs with hernias should not be breed off due to it's genetic trait. There are five types of hernia: ***Umbilical hernia You will notice this as a squishy protrusion near your puppy’s belly button. ***Inguinal hernia These occur in the groin area where the inner fold of your dog’s hind leg attaches to their body. ***Diaphragmatic hernia This type of dog hernia is due to a hole in the diaphragm, which is a muscle that separates the chest and the abdomen. This hole allows internal organs to enter your dog’s chest cavity, which can cause breathing difficulty. ***Perineal hernia is caused by a tear in the pelvic muscle. This type is most common in male dogs over the age of five which haven’t been neutered. ***Hiatal hernia in dogs generally are caused by injury or trauma. The opening in the diaphragm can sometimes be large, which allows the stomach to enter the chest cavity. Symptoms of Dog Hernias : Vomiting, Loss of appetite, Cramping, High fever, Leg numbness, Lethargy, Swelling, Shortness of breath and Excessive drooling. The good news is that hernias in dogs are completely treatable. A simple surgery is usually required to correct the hole and to replace the abdominal contents back into the abdomen. Additionally, if your dog is not already spayed or neutered, then this treatment will be highly recommended as it can prevent hernias in dogs. If the hernia is congenital, it’s usually advised that you neuter the dog to prevent breeding from them, as it’s a possibility that puppies could have the same problems. It’s important that a dog with a hernia receives medical treatment, as dogs are unable to outgrow a hernia and it won’t heal over time. An untreated hernia can result in a great amount of pain for your dog and could lead to medical complications.

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